Liquid soap production has become a popular trend in Nigeria since it’s invention.
It is used by many for domestic purposes like washing of clothes, kitchen cutlery, cleaning of the house and it is also used as a hand sanitizer in restaurants and hotels.
It is one of the small scale business that moves fast in Nigeria
The demand for liquid soap is high due to its cheaper price and many believe it is more efficient than other detergents, hence it has led to many searching for ways on how to make liquid soap in Nigeria.
Little capital is needed to start a liquid soap production business and thanks to the internet, acquiring knowledge about how to make liquid soap in Nigeria yourself and from scratch is very easy and free of charge.
In this article, we will be guiding you on how to make liquid soap in Nigeria, without having to pay a dime.
It is necessary to also note that there are several methods used for the production of liquid soap in Nigeria but after conducting several kinds of research, we will be using the best and easiest method on how to make liquid soap in Nigeria.
The criteria for choosing this method on how to make liquid soap in Nigeria, was based on the starting capital, time of production, difficulty, and finally efficiency of the produced washing liquid.
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Chemicals Required For Liquid Soap Production In Nigeria
Before going into the details of how to make liquid soap in Nigeria, we will be looking at items to be used in the production of liquid soap I.e, the chemical formula for liquid soap.
Getting the chemicals required to make liquid soaps are quite easy and also the prices are consumer pocket-friendly.
Listed below are chemicals you need to buy to make around 25 Liters of this product.
- Foam Booster ……………………….. 1/6 Ltr
- Formalin ……………………………… 10Cl
- STPP …………………………………. 1/16Kg
- Sulphonic Acid ………………………. 1 & ½ Ltr
- Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate) ……. 1/8Kg (126g)
- Nitrosol (Antisol) …………………….. 1/8Kg (126g)
- Caustic Soda …………………………. 1/16kg (62.5g)
- Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) …….. 1/8kg (126g)
- Texapon ………………………………. 1/8Kg (126g)
- Water ………………………………….. (Desired Amount)
- Vitamin E ……………………………… (Optional)
- Fragrance …………………………….. (Desired One)
- Colour …………………………………. (Desired One)
- Glycerine ……………………………… (Optional)
Functions Of Each Chemical Used
Water: This is an indispensable solvent for the dissolving of various chemicals, and also helps with the fermentation stage. Water is definitely important in Liquid Soap production.
Foam Booster: Thanks to its self-descriptive name, you already know its function, it helps the liquid to produce a high yield of foam when being used. It is liquid and transparent like water.
Formalin: This is used as a preservative, necessary for commercial producers of washing liquids that are to be kept for a maximum period of 6 months. Formalin should be used with discretion because it is harmful to Human health and might cause cancer if not used properly.
STPP: This is an abbreviation for Sodium Salt Triphosphoric Acid, and like most salts, it has a powdered and white crystalline appearance. It is a good cleaning agent and works with SLS as a compound in the production of Liquid soap.
Sulphonic Acid: Similar to STTP, this also works with SLS. It is also a cleaning and a Foaming agent. Sulphonic acid is usually confused for sulphuric acid, it is liquid with pitch black color.
Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate): This chemical substance is essential in Liquid soap as it helps regulate the concentration of Caustic soda which is harmful to the skin but thanks to Soda Ash you have nothing to worry about. Soda Ash is white and entirely coarse.
Nitrosol (Antisol): A white substance that feels like milk when touched with the bare hands, it serves as a thickener for washing liquids. Nitrosol and Antisol are two different chemicals but serves the same purpose but I suggest you use Nitrosol as it dissolves immediately while Antisol takes time.
Caustic Soda: Often mistaken for sugar due to their physical similarities, this chemical is a strong base when immersed in water and it also gives a corrosive reaction when direct contact is made with the skin. Caustic Soda is dirt removing agent hence, an essential ingredient to make liquid soap, bar soap, and detergents.
SLS: Same physical appearance to a grain of rice, it helps in reducing the surface tension of the solution. It is also an important active forming agent.
Texapon: A jellylike physical substance, the function of texapon in liquid soap is to act as both a foaming agent and a foaming booster. Large scale producers of liquid soaps do not use Texapon and SLS together as they both serve the same function.
Vitamin E: It protects the skin from damages caused by all the chemicals in the liquid soap, Vitamin E is used in all beauty and skin care products.
Fragrance: Liquid soap with a pleasant smell would attract more buyers and also gives a nice sensation. There are several variants to pick from (Strawberry, Lavender, Lemon, Ambipur, and Pineapple are best for liquid soap.
Colour: Usually sold in it’s powdered form, it should be diluted in water before being added to the solution. Colour isn’t an essential ingredient but serves as a beautifier to the liquid soap. Following trends, several liquid soap producers pick the green color.
Glycerin: when in contact with the liquid soap, glycerin ensures your hands and skin are soft and properly hydrated.
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Materials Needed To Produce Liquid Soap In Nigeria
• Rubber Hand Gloves.
• Containers for storing the liquid soap.
• A big bowl or bucket for mixing.
• Stick or wooden spoon for stirring the mixture.
• Nose mask for protection from pungent smell.
• Measurement bowl.
Precautions to follow
• Protect your hands by wearing rubber gloves.
• Production should be done in a properly ventilated environment.
• Use a nose mask.
• Avoid swallowing any ingredients used in soap production.
• A lab coat or apron should be worn to protect your body from an accidental chemical spill.
• Horseplay should be avoided around chemicals, keep children away from these chemicals because they are all corrosive when swallowed or comes in contact with the human skin.
• In a situation where the Chemical is swallowed, or spilled on the skin, wash the affected area with a great amount of water and visit a doctor for proper medication.
How to make liquid soap in Nigeria
I. The Caustic Soda should be dissolved in water and kept to ferment for 24hours, Soda Ash should also be dissolved in 1 liter of water and kept for 24hours or overnight.
II. Nitrosol should be dissolved in 10 liters of water in a big mixing bucket a few minutes before production begins but if you prefer to use Antosol which takes more time to dissolve, you should dissolve it in water for a minimum of 24hours before production. A starchy solution confirms that the product has been properly dissolved.
III. Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) should be dissolved in 1 liter of water before production begins. The dissolved solution should be kept for a minimum of 1 hour but for best results overnight dissolving is suggested.
IV. STTP should be dissolved in 1 liter of water and kept aside while production goes on.
V. Mix Sulphonic acid and Texapon together. Ensure they are properly mixed and furtherly dissolved in 2 liters of water. Gently stir the mixtures until it is properly dissolved and in a homogenous state. If done correctly, a noticeable amount of heat will be generated from the mixture thanks to its exothermic process.
VI. The powdered color should be dissolved in a small pail of water and placed aside.
VII. Cautiously pour the dissolved Sulphonic Acid and Texapon mixture into the bowl containing the well dissolved Nitrosol. Stir well and gently with a wooden stick until the whole mixture is in a homogenous state (This process would take time, so you have to be patient while stirring). Ensure it is done in a big bucket because this is where all the chemicals will be added and stirred until the liquid soap is made.
VIII. After stirring is complete, add the Caustic Soda and continue stirring for 5 minutes.
IX. Next, the dissolved Soda Ash should be added to the solution and stirring continues.
X. Add the STTP and stir properly.
XI. The dissolved SLS should be added and stirred properly.
XII. Now add the Foam Booster and stir.
XIII. Add the Formalin and keep stirring.
XIV. Vitamin E and Glycerin should be added simultaneously and stirring should be done continually.
XV. At this point, the mixture should be well blended and all particles must have disappeared, now add the color you earlier dissolved in water, also add the fragrance and stir properly until it is properly mixed.
XVI. Finally, add the remaining water. This should be done gradually, a small quantity should be added and stirred. Keep doing this until you get the desired thickness. Liquid Soap should not be too thick or too watery so you have to be very cautious at this point.
Note: Following these steps properly is very important, skipping any step would lead to a different result which would be unpleasant.
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Characteristics of a Good Liquid Soap
After learning how to make liquid soap in Nigeria, it is necessary that you know some of the characteristics of a good and quality liquid soap.
Here are some characteristics of a good liquid soap;
• Attractive color
• Appeasing Fragrance.
• Good foam should be produced when added to water.
• Friendly to the skin and fabrics.
Having fully read this article, we hope you now know how to make liquid soap in Nigeria from scratch.
Should you have any problems or misunderstanding, you can use the comments box below to let us know.